Strategies for an Effective Reading Process: Previewing and Pre-reading

Previewing or "skimming" a text is a tactic that many students learn in high school. In fact, it is often their best or only pre-reading strategy. However, students need to be aware that there are several strategies that can improve how they preview a text and also that previewing is just the first step in the reading process.

Faculty can use the following strategies to help students achieve the goals associated with previewing. Some are aimed primarily at traditional first-year and sophomore-level textbook structures, while others provide a more general approach.

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Using titles and boldfaced headings in textbooks

Previewing essays and articles

Identifying prior knowledge with KBG

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Setting up an outline

Forming questions for focus and comprehension