Strategies for an Effective Reading Process: Utilizing Metacognition

Metacognition, as the word puzzles demonstrated, involves thinking about what is said and why it is said. It also involves self- monitoring for comprehension. Whereas capable readers often do this automatically, others can benefit from learning strategies that will help them self-monitor and self-correct as they read. They need to build confidence in their ability to understand a reading, and it may sometimes take more than one approach to accomplish this. Faculty can use the following strategies to help students develop their metacognitive abilities for better reading comprehension.

Strategy 1 icon Strategy 2 icon

Using puzzles to understand metacognition

Using self-talk

Strategy 3 icon

Using self-monitoring