Strategies for an Effective Reading Process: Purposes and Stages

Many college students, we imagine, would define their reading process something like this: find the reading assignment on the syllabus, locate the textbook and open to the appropriate page, use a yellow highlighter to mark passages that might be important to remember for the test, read to the end of the assignment, close the book, take a coffee break. While this is certainly a process, it's not particularly effective for comprehension and retention, much less analysis, interpretation, and application. Faculty can use the following strategies to help students think about what happens before, during, and after reading.

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Introducing the reading process

Using pre-reading questions

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Using active reading questions

Using post-reading questions